Within the digital realm all territories are encountering rampant pirating of music, copyright enforcement is critical to the survival for the recorded music business, or is it? Both ISPs and Mobile Operators have the technology to track their subscriber bases music usage, furthermore they could even make money from being copyright enforcers, so why are they reluctant to take on this role? Who would the winners and losers be where ISPs and Mobile Operators became copyright enforcers? Is a Compulsory License and an ISP levy the solution? Where would this leave Collection Societies role in the world of digital music? Where does government legislation fit in?